As of 2005, 56,000 people were undergoing treatment for either drug or alcohol addiction in the state of Oregon. According to the National Substance Abuse Index, 30,000 of them were being treated for alcohol addiction. The State while not being as glamorous or diverse as the Sates of New York or California has witnessed a significant increase in drug and alcohol addiction. It is estimated that in the same year, 2005, 234,000 and 88,000 people had problems with alcohol and drugs respectively.
Psychiatrists attributed these figures to the levels of unemployment witnessed throughout the US, the poor state of the economy and apathy to the quality of living. The need for treatment is, therefore, not just to cure the patient’s addiction, but also to tackle the underlying factors that promote their addiction. As a result, it is vital that the approach taken during treatment cures not only the body, but the mind and spirit. This is known as the holistic approach.
There are a number of rehabilitation programs in Oregon. These include residential and outpatient programs, support groups as well as sober living programs. Treatment regimens are designed with the patient in mind. These regimens reflect the individual’s unique physiological and emotional state of being. Nevertheless, in almost every case of addiction treatment behavioral therapy is combined with medication as significant elements of the therapeutic process. This process starts with detoxification, then treatment (physiological and psychological) and lastly, relapse prevention.
Patients who either have been consuming alcohol for a considerably long time or are addicted to hard drugs are recommended for inpatient or residential treatment. The programs are highly effective for severe cases of addiction. Therapeutic communities, for instance, are examples of such programs where the patient is confined in residence, in a structured setting, for some time. These types of programs are unique because they emphasize the involvement of the entire community in the patient’s treatment. It is also within these residential treatment centers that patients who were once incapacitated by their addictions are reintroduced to society.
Oregon offers a number of residential/ inpatient treatment facilities such as the Casadia Behavioral Healthcare center or the Dependency Solutions Treatment Center in Willamette Valley, Oregon. These facilities allow the patient to get full time care while removing them from the stressful environments that caused their addictions. These facilities are available for all citizens of Oregon as they range from inexpensive, state-run facilities to exclusive, specialized care centers.
Outpatient treatment, on the other hand, is preferred for patients with less severe cases of addiction. These patients, despite their dependency, can still function in their work environments or socially. In Oregon, outpatient behavioral treatment is offered to such patients. This involves visiting a clinic regularly or according to a predetermined schedule. They may involve group or individual drug counseling or other types of behavioral treatment such as multidimensional family therapy (preferred for adolescents), motivational incentives or cognitive-behavioral therapy. All these allow the patient to receive care while still living their lives.