Schnauzers are a popular breed of dog that have been around for hundreds of years, dating back to the 15th century in Germany. The name schnauzer might seem odd for English speaking people, however the word “schnauze” is the German word for snout, so it makes perfect sense as the schnauzer has a very distinct snout with long hair.
Originally, Schnauzers were bread to catch rats and to act as guard dogs for property. Now hundreds of years after their introduction, there are now 5 different sizes of schnauzers that have been bread with other types of dogs to create another unique breed.
The first of the 5 different types of Schnauzers is the standard schnauzer. The standard schnauzer is medium sized dog, standing about 1.5 feet tall and weighing approximately 25 – 35 pounds. Throughout history, standard Schnauzers have played an integral role in the times of war, acting as messenger dogs, or as guard dogs to important people or property.
Miniature schnauzers are another type of schnauzer which are smaller than the standard schnauzer, standing approximately 12 inches and weighing in at 13-15 pounds. A miniature schnauzer is known for being active and full of energy, but yet are very smart. The are great with children and make a good family dog as they are rarely aggressive. These dogs were a combination of a standard schnauzer bred with a Poodle to make it smaller in size. The miniature schnauzer is actually part of the terrier group of dogs and out of all types of schnauzers, it is the most popular by far as they adapt very well to both rural and urban lifestyles. For those looking for a dog that is well suited to the house, a schnauzer is very popular because they shed very little and do not carry odors as much as other dogs.
Giant schnauzers are just as the name would suggest; Very large versions of schnauzers. They have been bred by Great Danes or Bouviers and can weigh between 65 and 80 pounds. They too have been used as guard dogs and also by farmers to herd cattle. In some cases, they were even used to pull carts of goods, similar to a horse. They may be black and white in color or could also be solid black.
The last two Schnauzer types are toy schnauzers and teacup schnauzers. They are basically the same, but differ slightly in size and this is how they are distinguished. A toy schnauzer ranges in size from 7.5 to 10 pounds, while the teacup schnauzer is any full grown schnauzer that us under 7 pounds. For the smaller sizes that are considered teacup schnauzers, they tend to cost more money than the others as they are more rare.
Whether you’re looking for a great family dog for your home in the city, or a dog that will be an effective guard dog for your rural property, Schnauzers are flexible and prepared for either task.